This paper expresses the partial results of a research conducted by the author in the Faculty of Architecture of Polytechnic of Bari, on the experimentation of renewed “grammars” of urban form for the contemporary city, referred to city-territory idea that can sum up the presence of the interior urban spaces together with the open natural spaces. In particular, it regards the study of “Terre Salentine”, small urban planned nucleuses of late medieval origins (13th-14th centuries) in southern Salento (Italy), considered as a part of a settlement model of city-territory in which, the relation between country and city is wrightly resolved. The aim of the research is to define new settlement/dwelling models specific for the Apulian territory but of general value, because derived from an idea of cityterritory as expression of a sane relationship between city and productive vocation of countryside, that can hold the consumption of the territory of Salento caused by the incongruous expansion of urban centers and by the low-density touristic structures along the coast. The Research process is developed into two phases: the first, through an analytical phase focused on the individuation of Terre Salentine, on the study of the relationship between urban form and physical form of productive natural environment, on the relation between urban form and building type; the second was an experimental design phase in which, formal structure of terra, assumed as paradigm, is declined according to an inductive method that starts from recognizing Page | 64 significant elements of its structure. The cities of Castrignano del Capo (Lecce) and Ruffano (Lecce) are considered as paradigmatic cases study. This research allowed to individuate and analyse for the first time the terre of Salento, elements of a model of polycentric city-territory based on the necessary and measured relationship among urban nucleuses of small dimensions and productive country. The terre can be taken as settlement/dwelling model for the contemporary city in Apulia. In this sense, the design experimentations developed inside this research, have scientific value as verification of the analytical work, value of models of transformation in continuity with the tradition of a place and methodological value. This study is absolutely original in its method and in its contents and will be extended in the future to other cities such as Tricase (Lecce).
|Autori interni:||MONTEMURRO, Michele|
|Titolo:||Settlement/ Dwelling Models for the Mediterranean rural areas” Terre Salentine” in Apulia ( Italy ) as a case study planned rural villages|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Nome del convegno:||Rural Areas: Exploring Cjellenges and Opportunities for their Conservation and Development|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|