Text readability with augmented reality head-worn displays is critical and at present time, there are no standard guidelines to follow. The readability depends mainly on background lighting, display technology (i.e., OST: optical see-through or VST: video see-through), and text style (e.g., plain text, outline or billboard). In this work, we addressed the readability limits for industrial activities. We experimented the effects of two background illuminances levels (1,000 lx for very fine basic industrial tasks and 4,000 lx for fine machining), two commercially available head-worn display technologies, variable outline widths and contrast polarity of text. We analyzed the performance of 12 subjects by collecting about 3,400 measurements using a specific test application and followed by qualitative interviews. With high illuminances, VST performed better than OST, regardless of contrast polarity and outline width. We found that negative contrast polarity is preferable with VST, and that just a minimum outline (1 px) around black text is optimal. On the contrary, positive contrast polarity should be used with OST and outline is not effective. Therefore, we evaluated the usage limits of the OST by sampling its contrast sensitivity function.
|Autori interni:||FIORENTINO, Michele|
UVA, Antonio Emmanuele
|Titolo:||Effect of Text Outline and Contrast Polarity on AR Text Readability in Industrial Lighting|
|Rivista:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TVCG.2014.2385056|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|