We consider a random aggregate of identical frictionless elastic spheres that has 4rst been subjected to an isotropic compression and then sheared. We assume that the average strain provides a good description of how stress is built up in the initial isotropic compression. However, when calculating the increment in the displacement between a typical pair of contaction particles due to the shearing, we employ force equilibrium for the particles of the pair, assuming that the average strain provides a good approximation for their interactions with their neighbors. The incorporation of these additional degrees of freedom in the displacement of a typical pair relaxes the system, leading to a decrease in the e&ective moduli of the aggregate. The introduction of simple models for the statistics of the ordinary and conditional averages contributes an additional decrease in moduli. The resulting value of the shear modulus is in far better agreement with that measured in numerical simulations.
|Titolo:||Fluctuations and the effective moduli of an isotropic, random aggregate of identical, frictionless spheres|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2004.06.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|