Pulsed thermography has been used for many years to investigate the presence of subsurface defects in composite materials for aeronautics. Several methods have been proposed but only few of them include a complete automated approach for the effective defect characterization. This paper presents a novel method which approximates the thermal decays on the laminate surface, induced by a short heat pulse, by means of an exponential model in three unknowns (model parameters), estimated in the least squares sense. These parameters are discriminant and noise-insensitive features used to feed several classifiers, which are trained to label possible defects according to their depths. Experimental tests have been performed on a carbon-fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) laminate having four inclusions of known properties. The comparative analysis of the proposed classifiers has demonstrated that the best results are achieved by a decision forest made of 30 trees. In this case the mean values of standard and balanced accuracies reach 99.47% and 86.9%, whereas precision and recall are 89.87% and 73.67%, respectively.
|Titolo:||Modeling and classification of defects in CFRP laminates by thermal non-destructive testing|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.10.010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|