A novel Combined Cycle Gas Turbine layout is proposed for using heavy fuel oil in a combustion mode called “Mild Combustion”, characterized by a very low adiabatic flame temperature and flat temperature field in the combustion chamber and low pollutant emissions. “Mild Combustion” is obtained by means of the dilution of reactants with inert gas like combustion product resulting in a very low oxygen concentration of the mixture at the ignition. To stabilize the combustion process in such a condition the reactants temperature has to be raised above the self ignition value. In industrial application this particular preconditioning of the reactants can be reached partially before the combustion chamber and finally in process by means of a performed aerodynamic that further dilute and heat-up the mixture. An experimental analysis of the oil combustion behaviour inside the gas turbine exhaust flow has been arranged at Centro Combustione of Ansaldo Caldaie in Gioia del Colle (Italy). The turbine exhaust gases are simulated by mixing those produced in a gas burner with external air preheated at different temperatures in order to have different final oxygen concentrations and temperature levels. The influence of the main combustion parameters regarding the process feasibility and environmental impact are presented and analysed. Good results in terms of NOx emissions and soot formation have been obtained for heavy oil combustion in a 10% oxygen oxidizer concentration requiring a combustion chamber inlet temperature of about 900K. In order to meet these conditions, a novel CCGT cycle in which about 64% of combustion products are re-circulated before entering the combustion chamber, is proposed. The thermodynamic analysis shows that the efficiency that could be achieved by the proposed cycle is a few percent lower than the efficiency of a combined cycle power plant fuelling natural gas, with the same turbine inlet temperature and similar turbine blade cooling technology.
|Titolo:||Mild combustion in a novel CCGT cycle with partial flue gas recirculation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Nome del convegno:||ASME Turbo Expo 2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1115/GT2003-38743|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|