Quartz tuning forks (QTFs) are piezo-Transducers that have been implemented for numerous applications, such as chemical gas sensing, atomic force microscopy, rheology, and industrial process control. The most important parameter for QTFs' sensing application is the resonance quality factor (Q-factor). An experimental investigation and theoretical analysis of the influence of QTFs' geometries on the Q-factor of the flexural fundamental and first overtone resonance modes are reported. The resonance frequencies and related Q-factors for five different QTFs have been measured. The QTF response was recorded at different air pressures to investigate the influence of the surrounding medium on the Q-factor. A data analysis demonstrated that air viscous damping is the dominant energy dissipation mechanism for both flexural modes. Thermoelastic and support losses are additional contributions that depend on the QTF geometry. A study of the QTF damping mechanism dependence upon the prong geometry is also provided.

Loss Mechanisms Determining the Quality Factors in Quartz Tuning Forks Vibrating at the Fundamental and First Overtone Modes

Patimisco, Pietro;Sampaolo, Angelo;Spagnolo, Vincenzo
2018

Abstract

Quartz tuning forks (QTFs) are piezo-Transducers that have been implemented for numerous applications, such as chemical gas sensing, atomic force microscopy, rheology, and industrial process control. The most important parameter for QTFs' sensing application is the resonance quality factor (Q-factor). An experimental investigation and theoretical analysis of the influence of QTFs' geometries on the Q-factor of the flexural fundamental and first overtone resonance modes are reported. The resonance frequencies and related Q-factors for five different QTFs have been measured. The QTF response was recorded at different air pressures to investigate the influence of the surrounding medium on the Q-factor. A data analysis demonstrated that air viscous damping is the dominant energy dissipation mechanism for both flexural modes. Thermoelastic and support losses are additional contributions that depend on the QTF geometry. A study of the QTF damping mechanism dependence upon the prong geometry is also provided.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11589/149576
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