In this work, we report on the fabrication of laser induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) on stainless steel, using bursts of 200 fs sub-pulses at a wavelength of 1030 nm. A cascade of birefringent crystals was used to generate the bursts with tunable number of sub-pulses and intra-burst delays varying between 1.5 ps and 24 ps. Being such a delay shorter than the typical electron-lattice relaxation time in metals, the sub-pulses impinge on the sample surface when the material is still in a transient state after excitation from the first sub-pulse, thus allowing peculiar structures to be generated depending on the burst features. We obtained 1-D and 2-D periodic surface structures and investigated the influence of number of sub-pulses and polarization on their morphology. In particular, when bursts composed by all-aligned linearly polarized sub-pulses were used, 1-D LIPSS were obtained with different periodicity and depths depending on the number of sub-pulses. Bursts with crossed linear polarization or circular polarization sub-pulses produced 2-D LIPSS with morphology varying from triangular structures arranged in hexagonal lattice to pillar-like ordered or disordered structures depending on the bursts features. In most cases these structures exhibit a superhydrophobic behavior, as assessed by static contact angle measurements, which is achieved after a time of exposition to laboratory air. By XPS analysis we investigated the chemical variations occurring on the surfaces over this time

1-D and 2-D surface structuring of steel by bursts of femtosecond laser pulses

Giuseppe Giannuzzi;Rosa Di Mundo;
2019

Abstract

In this work, we report on the fabrication of laser induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) on stainless steel, using bursts of 200 fs sub-pulses at a wavelength of 1030 nm. A cascade of birefringent crystals was used to generate the bursts with tunable number of sub-pulses and intra-burst delays varying between 1.5 ps and 24 ps. Being such a delay shorter than the typical electron-lattice relaxation time in metals, the sub-pulses impinge on the sample surface when the material is still in a transient state after excitation from the first sub-pulse, thus allowing peculiar structures to be generated depending on the burst features. We obtained 1-D and 2-D periodic surface structures and investigated the influence of number of sub-pulses and polarization on their morphology. In particular, when bursts composed by all-aligned linearly polarized sub-pulses were used, 1-D LIPSS were obtained with different periodicity and depths depending on the number of sub-pulses. Bursts with crossed linear polarization or circular polarization sub-pulses produced 2-D LIPSS with morphology varying from triangular structures arranged in hexagonal lattice to pillar-like ordered or disordered structures depending on the bursts features. In most cases these structures exhibit a superhydrophobic behavior, as assessed by static contact angle measurements, which is achieved after a time of exposition to laboratory air. By XPS analysis we investigated the chemical variations occurring on the surfaces over this time
Conference on Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XIII, LBMP
978-1-5106-2455-9
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11589/182302
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