Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy represents a valuable candidate for natural gas analysis in the oil & gas field. The core element of this spectroscopy technique is a quartz tuning forks, employed as high quality-factor optoacoustic transducers, capable of operating in a wide range of temperatures and pressures. The robustness andcompactness of these sensors, together with the possibility to avoid the use of optical detectors, open the way to the development of a new generation of small-sized gas spectrometers to be potentially employed downhole for source rock characterization and estimation of oil & gas properties. We report here on the realization of a shoe-box sized quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy system capable of: i) selective detection of methane and ethane in the parts-per-billion range, and propane in the parts-per-million range, by employing a single interband cascade laser emitting at 3.345 μm; ii) selective detection of 12CH4 and 13CH4 isotopes at the parts-per-billion sensitivity level by employing a quantum cascade laser operating around 7.73 μm.
|Titolo:||Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy for hydrocarbon trace gas detection and petroleum exploration|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.118118|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|