The sensorless position control of permanent-magnet motors is successfully implemented by superimposing a high-frequency voltage signal on the voltage reference or adding a high-frequency current signal to the current reference. The former approach is usually preferred because of its simplicity, although the latter one may allow better performance. This paper presents a new algorithm for the sensorless control of low-saliency permanent-magnet synchronous motors based on high-frequency sinusoidal current signal injection into the d-axis. Different from the related literature, the position information is derived by analyzing the measured high-frequency currents. The amplitude of the d-axis voltage reference is also exploited to improve performance. A proportional-integral (PI) controller plus a resonant term (PI-RES) is adopted to ensure the accurate tracking of both the dc and high-frequency components of the d-axis current reference. The main advantages of the proposed approach are the increased accuracy and sensitivity with respect to the approach based on voltage injection, the insensitiveness to inverter non-linearities that are compensated by the current regulation loop, the actual control on the injected current value, and the practical absence of acoustic noise. Experiments on a linear tubular permanent-magnet synchronous motor prototype have been carried out to verify the aforementioned advantages. This paper also presents a discussion of the parameters of the PI-RES.
|Autori interni:||CUPERTINO, Francesco|
|Titolo:||Sensorless Position Control of Permanent-Magnet Motors With Pulsating Current Injection and Compensation of Motor End Effects|
|Rivista:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TIA.2011.2126542|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|