Modeling spatial variability of environmental parameters through the application of modem techniques of geostatistics has permitted to acquire elements apt to evaluate the possibility of using natural attenuation as a remediation technique for groundwater contaminated by chlorinated compounds. Moreover, a precise delineation of hazardous areas in a polluted site is strongly based on accurate predictions of contaminant concentrations, a task that is complicated by the presence of censored data and highly positively skewed distributions. The present work proposes a geostatistical approach that includes different methods for the study and the control of the ongoing activity of natural attenuation in an abandoned industrial area. The considered variables in this application are the values of concentration in groundwater of some aliphatic chlorinated carcinogenic compounds (PCE and TCE), measured in numerous piezometers, which show highly skewed distributions, characterized by a considerable number of values below the detection limit of the instrument. Indicator Kriging has been applied and the areas with 90% probability of exceeding the detection limit have been considered, inside which the variables were transformed through gaussian anamorphosis. The application of geostatistics has put into evidence the existence of a correlation between them not only from the chemical point of view, but also from the point of view of their spatial distribution: the shared presence of "hot spot" areas might be imputed to the existence of localized hazard sources. In those areas it is possible to detect coherence between the concentrations of the contaminants in study and of the parameters that control the phenomenon, which might be considered a clue that the degrading chemical activity is in progress. In the areas characterized by higher uncertainty for both variables (PCE and TCE), it is possible to presume that the phenomenon of attenuation is in progress, because it is in those areas that the transformations from PCE to TCE may happen in function of the parameters that control the phenomenon.
|Titolo:||The application of multivariate geostatistical techniques for the study of natural attenuation processes of chlorinated compounds|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Nome del convegno:||5th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Heat Transfer, Thermal Engineering and Environment, HTE'07|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|