When tunnelling poses excessive risks for buildings and buried foundations, a pile row barrier may shield the existing structure from ground movements. This paper presents a three-dimensional linear elastic prediction method to evaluate the protective action of pile walls against surface and subsurface ground movements due to new tunnels, both directly behind the wall as well as within the entire ground. Analyses are carried out to evaluate the vertical and horizontal movements of the ground and the pile wall as the result of soil–pile row interaction. New factors that quantify the wall efficiency in reducing settlements and deflections behind the wall are proposed; the results indicate that the effectiveness of the pile wall at reducing horizontal displacements is limited. Subsequently, predictions are compared against field and numerical data to demonstrate that the elastic solution is applicable, particularly for small ground losses. Finally, the barrier efficiency in reducing settlements is discussed comparing pile walls and diaphragm walls.

Protecting surface and buried structures from tunnelling using pile walls: A prediction model

Losacco N.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

When tunnelling poses excessive risks for buildings and buried foundations, a pile row barrier may shield the existing structure from ground movements. This paper presents a three-dimensional linear elastic prediction method to evaluate the protective action of pile walls against surface and subsurface ground movements due to new tunnels, both directly behind the wall as well as within the entire ground. Analyses are carried out to evaluate the vertical and horizontal movements of the ground and the pile wall as the result of soil–pile row interaction. New factors that quantify the wall efficiency in reducing settlements and deflections behind the wall are proposed; the results indicate that the effectiveness of the pile wall at reducing horizontal displacements is limited. Subsequently, predictions are compared against field and numerical data to demonstrate that the elastic solution is applicable, particularly for small ground losses. Finally, the barrier efficiency in reducing settlements is discussed comparing pile walls and diaphragm walls.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/234520
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