We consider a classical Heisenberg system of S2 spins on a square lattice of spacing ɛ. We introduce a magnetic anisotropy by constraining the out-of-plane component of each spin to take only finitely many values. Computing the Gamma-limit of a suitable scaling of the energy functional as eps to 0 we prove that, in the continuum description, the system concentrates energy at the boundary of sets in which the out-of-plane component of the spin is constant. In a second step we analyze a different scaling of the energy and we prove that, in each of such phases, the energy can further concentrate on finitely many points corresponding to vortex-like singularities of the in-plane components of the spins.

A classical S2 spin system with discrete out-of-plane anisotropy: Variational analysis at surface and vortex scalings

Orlando G.;
2022

Abstract

We consider a classical Heisenberg system of S2 spins on a square lattice of spacing ɛ. We introduce a magnetic anisotropy by constraining the out-of-plane component of each spin to take only finitely many values. Computing the Gamma-limit of a suitable scaling of the energy functional as eps to 0 we prove that, in the continuum description, the system concentrates energy at the boundary of sets in which the out-of-plane component of the spin is constant. In a second step we analyze a different scaling of the energy and we prove that, in each of such phases, the energy can further concentrate on finitely many points corresponding to vortex-like singularities of the in-plane components of the spins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/244361
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