An innovative microstructured flat optical fiber is designed to obtain a multiaxial strain sensor for composite material monitoring. The sensing regions are constituted by the two eyelets where Bragg gratings are written. To achieve multiaxial sensing, a suitable microstructure is designed close to only one of the eyelets. The effect of the strain field, evaluated via a 3D finite element method approach, is considered to obtain the change of the refractive index distribution. The electromagnetic modal analysis and the coupled mode theory are exploited to evaluate the Bragg wavelength shift for the slow and fast axis fundamental modes, guided in the two eyelets and affecting the sensor response. The designed microstructured flat optical fiber is technologically feasible and promises sensing performance higher than that obtainable with the conventional optical fibers. In addition, flat optical fiber can be embedded in composite materials reducing the drawbacks related to both orientation and excess resin.

Design of Microstructured Flat Optical Fiber for Multiaxial Strain Monitoring in Composite Materials

Annunziato, A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Erario, A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ciminelli, C
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Prudenzano, F
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022

Abstract

An innovative microstructured flat optical fiber is designed to obtain a multiaxial strain sensor for composite material monitoring. The sensing regions are constituted by the two eyelets where Bragg gratings are written. To achieve multiaxial sensing, a suitable microstructure is designed close to only one of the eyelets. The effect of the strain field, evaluated via a 3D finite element method approach, is considered to obtain the change of the refractive index distribution. The electromagnetic modal analysis and the coupled mode theory are exploited to evaluate the Bragg wavelength shift for the slow and fast axis fundamental modes, guided in the two eyelets and affecting the sensor response. The designed microstructured flat optical fiber is technologically feasible and promises sensing performance higher than that obtainable with the conventional optical fibers. In addition, flat optical fiber can be embedded in composite materials reducing the drawbacks related to both orientation and excess resin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/244968
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