Permittivity monitoring for quality control in fluid-related industrial applications requires difficult procedures and the process control frequently limits the use of traditional sensing technologies. In this paper is reported a combined approach, based on time-domain reflectometry (TDR) and frequency-domain analysis, in order to appropriately improve the measurement of the frequency-dependent dielectric characteristics over a wide range of fluid materials, even when lossy liquids are involved. For this purpose, we have developed a robust algorithm for the time-to-frequency-domain dielectric characterization that suitably compensates the error contribution caused by several effects such as signal dissipation, multiple reflections, impedance mismatching, time-domain truncation and data fitting procedure. In order to assess the combined approach in the time and frequency domain, experimental measurements have been made with both a TDR and vector network analyser (VNA), using the same probe system. Results obtained through the use of such an algorithm on TDR data have been compared with those directly measured in the frequency domain by the VNA, and good agreement has been observed. Substantial improvements are attained in accuracy, high sensitivity and flexibility of the detection method and, most importantly, in the possibility of using low-cost instrumentation directly operating in the time domain.
|Titolo:||A frequency-domain method for extending TDR performance in quality determination of fluids|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0957-0233/18/3/018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|