A compact widely-tunable fiber-coupled sensor for trace gas detection of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the mid infrared is reported. The sensor is based on an external-cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) tunable between 7.6 and 8.3 μm wavelengths coupled into a single-mode hollow-core waveguide. Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy has been selected as detecting technique. The fiber coupling system converts the astigmatic beam exiting the laser into a TEM00 mode. During a full laser scan, we observed no misalignment between the optical beam and the tuning fork, thus making our system applicable for multi-gas or broad absorber detections. The sensor has been tested on N2:H2S gas mixtures. The minimum detectable H2S concentration is 450 ppb in ~3 s integration time, which is the best value till now reported in literature for H2S optical sensors.
|Titolo:||Widely-tunable mid-infrared fiber-coupled quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensor for environmental monitoring|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1364/OE.22.028222|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|