Neutrons from a reactor and from a cyclotron have been used to characterise the CMS Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) front-end chip to neutron-induced damaging events. Single Event Upset (SEU) cross-sections have been measured up to 60 MeV for different chip thresholds. Tests at a reactor were done with an integrated fast (E(n) > 3 MeV) neutron fluence of 1.7 x 10(10) cm(-2) and a thermal neutron fluence of 9.5 x 10(11) cm(-2). High-energy neutrons from a cyclotron were used up to a fluence of 10(12) cm(-2). Data indicate the existence of a chip SEU sensitivity already at thermal energy and a saturated SEU cross-section from 3 to 60 MeV. Values of the SEU cross-sections from the thermal run well agree with those obtained by another CMS group that uses the same technology (0.8 mum BiCMOS) though with different architecture. Cross-sections obtained with fast neutrons (from 3 MeV to about 10 MeV) are consistently higher by one order of magnitude compared to the thermal one. The average time between consecutive SEU events in each chip of the CMS barrel RPCs can be estimated to be 1 h. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Neutron-induced Single Event Upset on the RPC front-end chips for the CMS experiment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01967-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|