We demonstrate a sensor scheme for nanoscale target displacement that relies on a single quantum cascade laser (QCL) subject to optical feedback. The system combines the inherent sensitivity of QCLs to optical reinjection and their ultrastability in the strong feedback regime where nonlinear frequency mixing phenomena are enhanced. An experimental proof of principle in the micrometer wavelength scale is provided. We perform real-time measurements of displacement with λ/100 resolution by inserting a fast-shifting reference etalon in the external cavity. The resulting signal dynamics at the QCL terminals shows a stroboscopic-like effect that relates the sensor resolution with the reference etalon speed. Intrinsic limits to the measurement algorithm and to the reference speed are discussed, disclosing that nanoscale ranges are attainable.
|Titolo:||Nanoscale displacement sensing based on nonlinear frequency mixing in quantum cascade lasers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/JSTQE.2015.2443075|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|