Optimizations of stiffened shells with different stiffener shapes performed to rank and identify the optimum designs during the preliminary design trade studies require a large number of analyses and hence rely on the use of efficient but approximate analysis methods. In the design of shells, the treatment of imperfections on buckling loads and stresses is of paramount importance. It is demonstrated how conservativeness of the approximate analyses used in buckling load calculation, the number of variables optimized (design freedom), and nonstructural constraints influence the "eight of optimum designs. This demonstration is based on the results of a trade study performed to compare minimum weight designs of stiffened shells optimized under stress and buckling constraints for a reusable launch vehicle tank. PANDA2 was selected for the present study because it uses approximate analysis procedures that permit the many thousands of structural analyses needed for global optimization and it also has sophisticated machinery for generating imperfections and accounting for their effects. Optimum weights were influenced not only by material choice, number of optimization variables, and manufacturing constraints, but also by the analysis model conservativeness. Optimization of shells with effect of initial imperfections exhibited substantial weight differences between different stiffened-shell concepts, partly because of conservativeness in the analysis.
|Titolo:||Challenges in comparing numerical solutions for optimum weights of stiffened shells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2514/2.3952|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|