We present the measurement of two event samples induced by atmospheric v(μ) of average energy Ē(ν) ~ 4 GeV. In the first sample, a neutrino interacts inside the MACRO detector producing an upward-going muon leaving the apparatus. The ratio of the number of observed to expected events is 0.57 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.06(syst) ± 0.14(theor) with an angular distribution similar to that expected from the Bartol atmospheric neutrino flux. The second is a mixed sample of internally produced downward-going muons and externally produced upward-going muons stopping inside the detector. These two subsamples are selected by topological criteria; the lack of timing information makes it impossible to distinguish stopping from downgoing muons. The ratio of the number of observed to expected events is 0.71 ± 0.05(stat) ± 0.07(syst) ± 0.18(theor). The observed deficits in each subsample is in agreement with neutrino oscillations, although the significance is reduced by the large theoretical errors. However, the ratio of the two samples causes a large cancellation of theoretical and of some systematic errors. With the ratio, we rule out the no-oscillation hypothesis at 95% c.1. Furthermore, the ratio tests the pathlength dependence of possible oscillations. The data of both samples and their ratio favor maximal mixing and Δm2 ~ 10-3-10-2 eV2. These parameters are in agreement with our results from upward throughgoing muons, induced by v(μ) of much higher energies.
|Titolo:||Low energy atmospheric muon neutrinos in MACRO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(00)00267-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|