Topological and pressure-driven analyses are an integral part of reliability/risk considerations for a water distribution system. For example, it is often necessary to identify which parts of the dis-tribution network are isolated from water sources after the valves have been closed in response to a mechanical pipe failure. Pressure-driven analysis is then necessary to ascertain the consequences of pipe failures in terms of the performance of the functioning sub-system whilst pipe breaks are being fixed in the isolated area. Therefore, it is extremely useful to have an algorithm for the automatic identification of nodes/pipes disconnected from the water source(s). However, this is a complex problem because valves sometimes significantly modify the network topology. Furthermore, the use of isolation valves can cause a demand shortage to some customers (due to pressure reduction) during the abnormal operating conditions in the system. Thus, pressure-driven simulation of the network behaviour is required. For these reasons a novel algorithm capable of automatic detection of topological network changes is coupled with a robust pressure-driven simulation model. This algorithm is tested on two case studies involving a small artificial water distribution system and a larger, real-life network. The results obtained clearly demonstrate the robustness of the algorithm developed.
|Titolo:||An algorithm for automatic detection of topological changes in water distribution networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2008)134:4(435)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|