Tracer dispersion within a highly convective planetary boundary layer is studied by means of a large-eddy simulation (LES) model for the continuous phases describing the temperature and velocity fields, and with the Lagrangian tracking of particle trajectories. Particle velocities are decomposed into their resolved and unresolved (or sub-grid) components. The former are evaluated by interpolation from the LES velocity field, the latter are given by a Lagrangian kinematic model that correctly describes the turbulent dispersion of clouds of particles. It is shown that, thanks to the Lagrangian sub-grid model, a clear inertial range is detectable in the time domain. In this range, particle separation grows according to Richardson's law, and nicely compares with previous experimental and numerical measurements. The collective motion of four particles, initially located at the vertices of regular tetrahedra, is also studied. The evolution of tetrad shape and orientation is contrasted with those obtained in homogeneous and isotropic flows. Results show that an agreement is achieved at small time lags. At larger times, the boundary layer reveals its anisotropic structure and the tetrad shape statistics deviate from results obtained in ideal flows.
|Titolo:||Pair and multi-particle dispersion in numerical simulations of convective boundary layer turbulence|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4878318|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|