In this paper we present a novel hybrid procedure for the in-plane mechanical characterization of orthotropic materials. The material identification reverse engineering problem is solved by combining speckle interferometry and numerical optimization. The rationale behind the entire process is the following: for any specimen to be characterized and which has been subjected to some loading condition, it is possible to express the difference between experimental data and analytical/numerical predictions by means of an error function psi, which depends on the elastic constants of the material. The psi error will decrease as the elastic constants come close to their target values. Here, we build the psi function as the difference between the displacement field measured with speckle interferometry and its counterpart computed by means of finite element analysis. Since the psi function is highly non-linear, it has to be optimized with a global optimization algorithm, which performs a random search in the elastic constants design space. The hybrid material identification process finally allows us to determine values of the elastic constants. In order to prove the feasibility of the present approach, we have determined the in-plane elastic properties of an eight-ply composite laminate (woven fiberglass-epoxy) used as a substrate for printed circuit boards. The results indicate that the procedure proposed in this paper was able to accurately characterize the material under investigation. Remarkably, the elastic constants found by the identification procedure were less than 0.7% different from their target values, while the residual error between the displacements measured by speckle interferometry and those computed at the end of the optimization process was less than 3%.
|Titolo:||A new hybrid technique for in-plane characterization of orthotropic materials|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1177/0014485104048907|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|