The Nurra district in the Island of Sardinia (Italy) has a Palaeozoic basement and covers, consisting of Mesozoic carbonates, Cenozoic pyroclastic rocks and Quaternary, mainly clastic, sediments. The faulting and folding affecting the covers predominantly control the geomorphology. The morphology of the southern part is controlled by the Tertiary volcanic activity that generated a stack of pyroclastic ﬂ ows. Geological structures and lithology exert the main control on recharge and ground- water circulation, as well as its availability and quality. The watershed divides do not ﬁ t the groundwater divide; the latter is conditioned by open folds and by faults. The Mesozoic folded carbonate sequences contain appreciable amounts of groundwater, particularly where structural lows are generated by synclines and normal faults. The regional groundwater ﬂ ow has been de ﬁ ned. The investi- gated groundwater shows relatively high TDS and chloride concentrations which, along with other hydro- geochemical evidence, rules out sea-water intrusion as the cause of high salinity. The high chloride and sulphate concentrations can be related to deep hydrothermal circuits and to Triassic evaporites, respectively. The source water chemistry has been modi ﬁ ed by various geochemical processes due to the groundwater – rock interaction, including ion exchange with hydrothermal minerals and clays, incongruent solution of dolomite, and sulphate reduction.
|Titolo:||Hydrogeology of the Nurra Region, Sardinia (Italy): basement-cover influences on groundwater occurrence and hydrogeochemistry|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10040-008-0369-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|