Granular materials are a simple example of a Cosserat continuum in that the average particle rotations may differ from the rotation of the average deformation.In the absence of couple stress,this difference insures that the stress is symmetric.This has been shown in theories that assume that the displacement at particle contacts is given by the average deformation and spin.Here,we indicate how the difference between the average rotation of the particles and the average rotation of the deformation can be determined when fluctuations in particle displacements and rotations satisfy local force and moment equilibria in a random aggregate of identical spheres. The predictions based on this model are in better agreement with numerical simulation than that given by the simple average strain theory.
|Titolo:||The Influence of Particle Fluctuations on the Average Rotation in an Idealized Granular Material|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jmps.2009.06.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|