An alternative method to determine particle fluence is proposed, which is particularly suitable for irradiations with low-energy charged-particle beams. The fluence is obtained by measuring the elastic scattering produced by a composite thin target placed upstream of the sample. The absolute calibration is performed by comparison with the measured radioactivation of vanadium and copper samples. The composite thin target, made of aluminium, carbon and gold, allows not only the fluence to be measured, but also a continuous monitoring of the beam space distribution. Experimental results with a 27 MeV proton beam are reported and compared with Monte Carlo simulations. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Fluence determination by scattering measurements|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0168-9002(99)00879-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|