Modelling the vascular transport and adhesion of man-made particles is crucial for optimizing their efficacy in the detection and treatment of diseases. Here, a Lattice Boltzmann and Immersed Boundary methods are combined together for predicting the near wall dynamics of particles with different shapes in a laminar flow. For the lattice Boltzmann modelling, a Gauss-Hermite projection is used to derive the lattice equation; wall boundary conditions are imposed through the Zou-He framework; and a moving least squares algorithm accurately reconstructs the forcing term accounting for the immersed boundary. First, the computational code is validated against two well-known test cases: the sedimentation of circular and elliptical cylinders in a quiescent fluid. A very good agreement is observed between the present results and those available in the literature. Then, the transport of circular, elliptical, rectangular, square and triangular particles is analyzed in a Couette flow, at Re=20. All particles drifted laterally across the stream lines reaching an equilibrium position, independently of the initial conditions. For this large Reynolds number, the particle shape has no significant effect on the final equilibrium position but it does affect the absolute value and periodicity of the angular velocity. Specifically, elongated particles show longer oscillation periods and, most interestingly, larger variations in angular velocity. The longest particles exhibit a zero angular velocity for almost the whole rotational period. Collectively, this data demonstrates that the proposed approach can be efficiently used for predicting complex particle dynamics in biologically relevant flows. This computational strategy could have significant impact in the field of computational nanomedicine for optimizing the specific delivery of therapeutic and imaging agents.
|Titolo:||A combined Lattice Boltzmann and Immersed boundary approach for predicting the vascular transport of differently shaped particles|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2016.06.014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|