Time-domain-reflectometry (TDR) measurements, which were originally used to locate and diagnose faults in transmission lines, have been widely applied in geology and soil science for accurate and flexible measurements of soil moisture and water content. Furthermore, the most attractive advantages of TDR rely on the possible determination of the spatial location and nature of various objects, both in real time and with a nondestructive approach. This makes the TDR technique an appealing candidate for a variety of environmental and industrial applications. Although the TDR instruments are commonly used to date, particularly for the aforementioned purposes, the state of the art is rather lacking in liquid-monitoring applications. This paper describes how the suitable combination of TDR detecting functionalities can lead to a simultaneous monitoring of quantitative and qualitative properties of liquid samples. In fact, the proposed TDR method allows, in one shot, the measurement of liquid levels, the determination of multiple interfaces in layered media, and the evaluation of dielectric properties such as dielectric permittivity or electrical conductivity. Some applications to real cases are proposed, which are referred to petrol chemical mixtures or water-based liquids, thus validating the approach on a wide range of materials.
|Autori interni:||ATTIVISSIMO, Filippo|
|Titolo:||A TDR method for real-time monitoring of liquids|
|Rivista:||IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TIM.2007.903596|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|