This paper shows the results of a research on parametric geometric transformation of the building volume and transformations of façade surfaces to optimize solar access of buildings in an existing urban district. Photovoltaic systems are generally installed on roof tops of buildings located in low density areas due to the availability of horizontal surfaces, but the developments of cities with tall buildings and the lack of available horizontal surfaces have encouraged photovoltaic integration on façades. The new policies of regulations to contain the horizontal city’s development and to increase the use of renewable resources suggest a conscious and responsible design process. Within this scenario the main aim of this study is to find the way to improve solar energy capture in the urban existing context. The study wants to localize the best areas on the façade surfaces to install the solar systems and optimize the solar energy production in order to cover a part of energy demands. The optimization process starts from a simple three-dimensional volumetric modelling, with fixed parameters (height, floor area and volume of the building). Then façade surfaces are manipulated in an iterative parametric design process to evaluate the solar radiation of different geometric transformations using a generative digital modelling software (Rhynoceros + Grasshopper) and solar dynamic simulation tool (Radiance/Daysim). The proposed method is restricted to the relationship between solar access and solar applications, but the further development of the research aims investigate the mutual effects among neighbouring buildings in term of solar reflections and increase of superficial temperatures. The global process has been validated through a case study, analysing a typical development in Milan, involving the demolition of an existing building and the reconstruction of the same volume, with a solar optimized shape.

Urban solar district: a case study of geometric optimization of solar facades for a residential building in Milan

FIORITO, Francesco;
2012-01-01

Abstract

This paper shows the results of a research on parametric geometric transformation of the building volume and transformations of façade surfaces to optimize solar access of buildings in an existing urban district. Photovoltaic systems are generally installed on roof tops of buildings located in low density areas due to the availability of horizontal surfaces, but the developments of cities with tall buildings and the lack of available horizontal surfaces have encouraged photovoltaic integration on façades. The new policies of regulations to contain the horizontal city’s development and to increase the use of renewable resources suggest a conscious and responsible design process. Within this scenario the main aim of this study is to find the way to improve solar energy capture in the urban existing context. The study wants to localize the best areas on the façade surfaces to install the solar systems and optimize the solar energy production in order to cover a part of energy demands. The optimization process starts from a simple three-dimensional volumetric modelling, with fixed parameters (height, floor area and volume of the building). Then façade surfaces are manipulated in an iterative parametric design process to evaluate the solar radiation of different geometric transformations using a generative digital modelling software (Rhynoceros + Grasshopper) and solar dynamic simulation tool (Radiance/Daysim). The proposed method is restricted to the relationship between solar access and solar applications, but the further development of the research aims investigate the mutual effects among neighbouring buildings in term of solar reflections and increase of superficial temperatures. The global process has been validated through a case study, analysing a typical development in Milan, involving the demolition of an existing building and the reconstruction of the same volume, with a solar optimized shape.
50th Annual Conference, Australian Solar Energy Society, AuSES
978-0-646-90071-1
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/99840
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact