The present work collects some results of the three-years Research Program "BioForming", funded by the Italian Ministry of Education (MIUR) and aimed to investigate the possibility of using flexible sheet forming processes, i.e. Super Plastic Forming (SPF) and Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF), for the manufacturing of patient-oriented titanium prostheses. The prosthetic implants used as case studies were from the skull; in particular, two different Ti alloys and geometries were considered: one to be produced in Ti-Gr23 by SPF and one to be produced in Ti-Gr2 by SPIF. Numerical simulations implementing material behaviours evaluated by characterization tests were conducted in order to design both the manufacturing processes. Subsequently, experimental tests were carried out implementing numerical results in terms of: (i) gas pressure profile able to determine a constant (and optimal) strain rate during the SPF process; (ii) tool path able to avoid rupture during the SPIF process. Post forming characteristics of the prostheses in terms of thickness distributions were measured and compared to data from simulations for validation purposes. A good correlation between numerical and experimental thickness distributions has been obtained; in addition, the possibility of successfully adopting both the SPF and the SPIF processes for the manufacturing of prostheses has been demonstrated.

Biomedical Titanium alloy prostheses manufacturing by means of Superplastic and Incremental Forming processes

PICCININNI, Antonio;GUGLIELMI, Pasquale;PALUMBO, Gianfranco
2016

Abstract

The present work collects some results of the three-years Research Program "BioForming", funded by the Italian Ministry of Education (MIUR) and aimed to investigate the possibility of using flexible sheet forming processes, i.e. Super Plastic Forming (SPF) and Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF), for the manufacturing of patient-oriented titanium prostheses. The prosthetic implants used as case studies were from the skull; in particular, two different Ti alloys and geometries were considered: one to be produced in Ti-Gr23 by SPF and one to be produced in Ti-Gr2 by SPIF. Numerical simulations implementing material behaviours evaluated by characterization tests were conducted in order to design both the manufacturing processes. Subsequently, experimental tests were carried out implementing numerical results in terms of: (i) gas pressure profile able to determine a constant (and optimal) strain rate during the SPF process; (ii) tool path able to avoid rupture during the SPIF process. Post forming characteristics of the prostheses in terms of thickness distributions were measured and compared to data from simulations for validation purposes. A good correlation between numerical and experimental thickness distributions has been obtained; in addition, the possibility of successfully adopting both the SPF and the SPIF processes for the manufacturing of prostheses has been demonstrated.
12th International Conference on Numerical Methods in Industrial Forming Processes, NUMIFORM 2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11589/103567
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