Low-cost chip-scale optoelectronic gyroscopes having a resolution 10/h and a good reliability also in harsh environments could have a strong impact on the medium/high performance gyro market, which is currently dominated by well-established bulk optical angular velocity sensors. The R&D activity aiming at the demonstration of those miniaturized sensors is crucial for aerospace/defense industry, and thus it is attracting an increasing research effort and notably funds. In this paper the recent technological advances on the compact optoelectronic gyroscopes with low weight and high energy saving are reviewed. Attention is paid to both the so-called gyroscope-on-a-chip, which is a novel sensor, at the infantile stage, whose optical components are monolithically integrated on a single indium phosphide chip, and to a new ultra-high Q ring resonator for gyro applications with a configuration including a 1D photonic crystal in the resonant path. The emerging field of the gyros based on passive ring cavities, which have already shown performance comparable with that of optical fiber gyros, is also discussed.
|Titolo:||Recent advances in miniaturized optical gyroscopes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2971/jeos.2014.14013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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|2014_Recent advances in miniaturized optical gyroscopes.pdf||Versione editoriale||Tutti i diritti riservati||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|