In Internet multimedia streaming, the quality of the delivered media can be adapted to the Quality of Service provided by the underlying network, thanks to encoding algorithms. These allow a ﬁne grained enhancement of a low quality base layer at streaming time. The main objective that should be satisﬁed in such systems is to avoid the starvation of the decoding process and consequent playout interruptions. In this work, we tackle the problem using a control theoretic approach. In particular, we design and implement the novel end-to-end Quality Adaptive Scheduler for properly distributing the network available bandwidth among base and enhancement layers. The developed solution can be adopted in many contexts given that it has been designed without assumptions on the delivered media nor on the protocol stack. Anyway, to test its effectiveness, we have casted it in a H.264/AVC SVC based video streaming architecture for unicast Internet applications. The performance of the scheduler has been experimentally evaluated in both a controlled testbed and several “wild” Internet scenarios, including also UMTS and satellite radio links. Results have clearly demonstrated that our Quality Adaptive Scheduler is able to signiﬁcantly improve the performance of the video streaming system in all operative conditions.
|Titolo:||Quality adaptive end-to-end packet scheduling to avoid playout interruptions in Internet video streaming systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jss.2010.03.037|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|