In the present paper, the authors propose a thermal energy balance model in order to prevent accidents in hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is the most common treatment for renal failure. It performs an extracorporeal blood wastes filtration taking the place of the malfunctioning kidney. Nevertheless this replacement therapy is cause of several side effects affecting the hemodynamic stability of patient. The authors focus attention on the hypotension accident. Thermal energy/heat exchanges between extracorporeal system and body might be cause of hypotension occurrence. Nevertheless, today poor importance is given to such aspects. A careful analysis of these issues has allowed authors to define a model for optimizing treatment procedures nowadays used in medical practice. In fact, most of the hemodialysis machines control automatically the dialysate solution temperature starting from peripheral body temperature measurements. Differently, the proposed approach is based on two control parameters: the predialysis patient core temperature and heat exchanges. Non-invasive temperature measurements of arterial and venous blood are obtained by estimating the thermal energy exchange. The aim of the present model is to guarantee a constant patient core temperature preventing intradialytic hypotension.

A Thermal Energy Balance Model for Hypotension Prevention in Hemodialysis.

Laura Fabbiano;Gaetano Vacca
2013

Abstract

In the present paper, the authors propose a thermal energy balance model in order to prevent accidents in hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is the most common treatment for renal failure. It performs an extracorporeal blood wastes filtration taking the place of the malfunctioning kidney. Nevertheless this replacement therapy is cause of several side effects affecting the hemodynamic stability of patient. The authors focus attention on the hypotension accident. Thermal energy/heat exchanges between extracorporeal system and body might be cause of hypotension occurrence. Nevertheless, today poor importance is given to such aspects. A careful analysis of these issues has allowed authors to define a model for optimizing treatment procedures nowadays used in medical practice. In fact, most of the hemodialysis machines control automatically the dialysate solution temperature starting from peripheral body temperature measurements. Differently, the proposed approach is based on two control parameters: the predialysis patient core temperature and heat exchanges. Non-invasive temperature measurements of arterial and venous blood are obtained by estimating the thermal energy exchange. The aim of the present model is to guarantee a constant patient core temperature preventing intradialytic hypotension.
Instrumentation and Measurement for Life : IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, I2MTC
978-1-4673-4621-4
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11589/22296
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact