Bio-inspired Dielectric Resonator Antennas (DRAs) are engaging more and more attention from the scientific community due to their exceptional wideband characteristic, which is especially desirable for the implementation of 5G communications. Nonetheless, since these antennas exhibit peculiar geometries in their micro-features, high dimensional accuracy must be accomplished via the selection of the most suitable fabrication process. In this study, the challenges to the manufacturing process presented by the wideband Spiral shell Dielectric Resonator Antenna (SsDRA), based on the Gielis superformula, are addressed. Three prototypes, made of three different photopolymer resins, were manufactured by bottom-up micro-Stereolithography (SLA). This process allows to cope with SsDRA's fabrication criticalities, especially concerning the wavy features characterizing the thin spiral surface and the micro-features located in close proximity to the spiral origin. The assembly of the SsDRAs with a ground plane and feed probe was also accurately managed in order to guarantee reliable and repeatable measurements. The scattering parameter S11 trends were then measured by means of a Vector Network Analyzer, while the realized gains and 3D radiation diagrams were measured in the anechoic chamber. The experimental results show that all SsDRAs display relevant wideband behavior of 2 GHz at -10 dB in the sub-6 GHz range.

Rapid Prototyping of Bio-Inspired Dielectric Resonator Antennas for Sub-6 GHz Applications

Marasco, Ilaria;Niro, Giovanni;D'Orazio, Antonella;Grande, Marco;
2021

Abstract

Bio-inspired Dielectric Resonator Antennas (DRAs) are engaging more and more attention from the scientific community due to their exceptional wideband characteristic, which is especially desirable for the implementation of 5G communications. Nonetheless, since these antennas exhibit peculiar geometries in their micro-features, high dimensional accuracy must be accomplished via the selection of the most suitable fabrication process. In this study, the challenges to the manufacturing process presented by the wideband Spiral shell Dielectric Resonator Antenna (SsDRA), based on the Gielis superformula, are addressed. Three prototypes, made of three different photopolymer resins, were manufactured by bottom-up micro-Stereolithography (SLA). This process allows to cope with SsDRA's fabrication criticalities, especially concerning the wavy features characterizing the thin spiral surface and the micro-features located in close proximity to the spiral origin. The assembly of the SsDRAs with a ground plane and feed probe was also accurately managed in order to guarantee reliable and repeatable measurements. The scattering parameter S11 trends were then measured by means of a Vector Network Analyzer, while the realized gains and 3D radiation diagrams were measured in the anechoic chamber. The experimental results show that all SsDRAs display relevant wideband behavior of 2 GHz at -10 dB in the sub-6 GHz range.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11589/238623
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