In addition to the numerous health effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the scientificcommunity have considered other emerging effects such as water-related impacts worthy of deepinvestigation. In this regard, the transmission cycle of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from fecal, vomiting, andsputum routes to sewage has led health authorities to diagnose, prevent, and use novel wastewatertreatment technologies. Once they enter the gastrointestinal canal of a healthy person, viral particlescan infect via the nominal amount of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) present in alimentarycanal cell surfaces and further infect lung, heart, kidney, and other organs. The current reviewhighlights the detection, status, and fate of SARS-CoV-2 from sewage treatment facilities to waterbodies. Besides, it addresses the potential wastewater treatment processes to cope with variousviruses, especially SARS-CoV-2. Many processes can manage contaminated wastewater and solidwastes over the long term, including membrane technologies, disinfectants, UV-light and advancedoxidation methods like photocatalysis, ozonation, hydrogen peroxide, nanomaterials, and algae.Future work must focus on implementing the selected actions for the treatment of the wastewaterreleased from the COVID-19 hospitals and self-quarantine centers to better regulate future waves ofSARS-CoV-2.

A State-of-the-Art Review on SARS-CoV-2 Virus Removal Using Different Wastewater Treatment Strategies

Balacco, Gabriella;
2022

Abstract

In addition to the numerous health effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the scientificcommunity have considered other emerging effects such as water-related impacts worthy of deepinvestigation. In this regard, the transmission cycle of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from fecal, vomiting, andsputum routes to sewage has led health authorities to diagnose, prevent, and use novel wastewatertreatment technologies. Once they enter the gastrointestinal canal of a healthy person, viral particlescan infect via the nominal amount of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) present in alimentarycanal cell surfaces and further infect lung, heart, kidney, and other organs. The current reviewhighlights the detection, status, and fate of SARS-CoV-2 from sewage treatment facilities to waterbodies. Besides, it addresses the potential wastewater treatment processes to cope with variousviruses, especially SARS-CoV-2. Many processes can manage contaminated wastewater and solidwastes over the long term, including membrane technologies, disinfectants, UV-light and advancedoxidation methods like photocatalysis, ozonation, hydrogen peroxide, nanomaterials, and algae.Future work must focus on implementing the selected actions for the treatment of the wastewaterreleased from the COVID-19 hospitals and self-quarantine centers to better regulate future waves ofSARS-CoV-2.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/243401
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