This study deals with the fundamental problem of combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors operating with liquid fuel. In this framework the present work proposes the study of an academic liquid fueled combustor sensitive to thermoacoustic instabilities, simulated via high-fidelity Large Eddy Simulations. The experimental setup addressed is SICCA-spray from EM2C laboratory featuring both stable and unstable flames depending on the combustion chamber length. The proposed analysis, based on the Euler-Lagrange modeling approach, studies the impact of the spray injection angle θ on both the stable flame and the triggering of the longitudinal combustor acoustic mode when using a longer quartz tube. For the liquid injection modeling, the FIM-UR semi-empirical model is adopted with three different θ values: θ=35∘, 45° and 60°. In stable conditions, the spray angle is proven to have a negligible impact on the flame anchoring point, however, the mean flame length and fuel distribution are found to be slightly modified by the velocity at which droplets enter the combustion chamber. For the thermoacoustically unstable conditions, two well-established stable limit cycles with the same frequency and similar amplitudes are obtained when fuel is injected at θ=45∘ and 60°. Contrarily, the system stabilizes when θ=35∘ pointing to the importance of the dynamics of the liquid film layer formed inside the injector for this setup. Likewise, this liquid film layer dynamics and its modeling appear critical as already suggested by previous studies on the same configuration. The detailed analysis of the thermoacoustically unstable different predictions is then performed through the investigation of the spatial fields of the local Rayleigh index obtained following the novel extension in the frequency domain of the Rayleigh criterion complemented by the application of Dynamic Mode Decomposition. It confirms that the injection angle of the liquid spray has a significant effect on the thermoacoustic response of the system. Indeed the influence of θ on the dynamics of the liquid fuel when entering the combustion chamber is proven to have an impact on the synchronization mechanism governing the liquid phase with respect to acoustics sustaining the observed limit cycles. More specifically, couplings at the liquid phase level are evidenced by introducing two novel indices correlating the fluctuations of liquid fuel volume fraction and evaporation rate with pressure.

On the impact of fuel injection angle in Euler–Lagrange large eddy simulations of swirling spray flames exhibiting thermoacoustic instabilities

Laera D.
;
2021

Abstract

This study deals with the fundamental problem of combustion dynamics in gas turbine combustors operating with liquid fuel. In this framework the present work proposes the study of an academic liquid fueled combustor sensitive to thermoacoustic instabilities, simulated via high-fidelity Large Eddy Simulations. The experimental setup addressed is SICCA-spray from EM2C laboratory featuring both stable and unstable flames depending on the combustion chamber length. The proposed analysis, based on the Euler-Lagrange modeling approach, studies the impact of the spray injection angle θ on both the stable flame and the triggering of the longitudinal combustor acoustic mode when using a longer quartz tube. For the liquid injection modeling, the FIM-UR semi-empirical model is adopted with three different θ values: θ=35∘, 45° and 60°. In stable conditions, the spray angle is proven to have a negligible impact on the flame anchoring point, however, the mean flame length and fuel distribution are found to be slightly modified by the velocity at which droplets enter the combustion chamber. For the thermoacoustically unstable conditions, two well-established stable limit cycles with the same frequency and similar amplitudes are obtained when fuel is injected at θ=45∘ and 60°. Contrarily, the system stabilizes when θ=35∘ pointing to the importance of the dynamics of the liquid film layer formed inside the injector for this setup. Likewise, this liquid film layer dynamics and its modeling appear critical as already suggested by previous studies on the same configuration. The detailed analysis of the thermoacoustically unstable different predictions is then performed through the investigation of the spatial fields of the local Rayleigh index obtained following the novel extension in the frequency domain of the Rayleigh criterion complemented by the application of Dynamic Mode Decomposition. It confirms that the injection angle of the liquid spray has a significant effect on the thermoacoustic response of the system. Indeed the influence of θ on the dynamics of the liquid fuel when entering the combustion chamber is proven to have an impact on the synchronization mechanism governing the liquid phase with respect to acoustics sustaining the observed limit cycles. More specifically, couplings at the liquid phase level are evidenced by introducing two novel indices correlating the fluctuations of liquid fuel volume fraction and evaporation rate with pressure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/244962
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