Results are presented of an extensive laboratory and field investigation of a Pleistocene stiff clay in its natural and reconstituted states, including constant rate of strain oedometer and triaxial tests over a wide stress range, scanning electron microscopy and chemical micro-analysis. The relationships between the structure of the clay, its geological history and its mechanical response are demonstrated. The structure of the clay is strongly influenced by bonding, apparently largely due to a film of amorphous calcite which developed in situ at the end of normal consolidation. The effects of structure on the stiffness of the clay are identified, with sensitivity as the parameter quantifying the mechanical effects of structure. A frictional flow rule is found generally to be applicable over a wide strain range, including yield, even when strong bonding is present, although its form is influenced by structure. A new normalization shows that the gross yield surface is isotropically hardening in terms of both volume and structural change.
|Titolo:||The influence of structure on the pre-failure behaviour of a natural claY|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.1918.104.22.1683|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|