Strut-and-Tie Model (STM), conceived by Ritter (1899), has been developed by Mörsch. Schlaich et al. (1987) proposed a global approach to the structural design by means of STM. Even though nowadays STM is widely used, several difficulties can be still encountered when dealing with the choice of the model that can best fit to the actual configuration (i.e. the ‘optimum’ model). Such problems can be even more relevant when dealing with non-standard cases. In this paper, the case of bridge decks subjected to horizontal actions is presented. Different methods to reach STM are shown: from FEM to Load Path Method to Bi-directional Evolutionary Structural Optimization method. The aim is to use the examined case to evaluate the efficacy of these methods to gain experience in designing R.C. structures with STM. Moreover, in the paper the influence on the model of the geometry of the bridge slab as well as the distribution of longitudinal and transversal deck beams have been investigated.
|Titolo:||Gaining experience in designing R.C. Structures by Strut-and-Tie model: the case of a typical bridge deck subjected to horizontal actions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|