In this paper we present the exploitation of Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) to manufacture a load cell using double extrusion of conductive and non-conductive commercial materials in a single-step printing cycle. A load cell with four embedded strain gauges, manufactured with tailored process parameters and strategies, was used to deposit the conductive filament to obtain near equal electrical resistance values among the four strain gauges, aiming to connect them in a full Wheatstone bridge configuration. Subsequently, several tests were performed, firstly to understand the behavior of each strain gauge and then to characterize the load cell. The tests showed that the strain gauges are sensible to compressive and tensile deformation and that the load cell's voltage, obtained by connecting the four strain gauges in a full Wheatstone bridge, decreases as the force applied increases. This work demonstrates the potential of FFF technology in the sensor manufacturing field and that it is possible to integrate sensitive elements into non-sensitive elements without an additional assembly process by using low-cost commercial filaments and 3D printers.
|Titolo:||Additive manufacturing and characterization of a load cell with embedded strain gauges|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2019.11.019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|