This paper proposes a new variable structure control scheme for a variable-speed, fixed-pitch ducted wind turbine, equipped with an annular, brushless permanent-magnet synchronous generator, considering a back-to-back power converter topology. The purpose of this control scheme is to maximise the aerodynamic power over the entire wind speed range, considering the mechanical safety limits of the ducted wind turbine. The ideal power characteristics are achieved with the design of control laws aimed at performing the maximum power point tracking control in the low wind speeds region, and the constant speed, power, and torque control in the high wind speed region. The designed control laws utilize a Luenberger observer for the estimation of the aerodynamic torque and a shallow neural network for wind speed estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed method was verified through tests in a laboratory setup. Moreover, a comparison with other solutions from the literature allowed us to better evaluate the performances achieved and to highlight the originality of the proposed control scheme.

Variable Structure Control of a Small Ducted Wind Turbine in the Whole Wind Speed Range Using a Luenberger Observer / Calabrese, Diego; Tricarico, Gioacchino; Brescia, Elia; Cascella, Giuseppe Leonardo; Monopoli, Vito Giuseppe; Cupertino, Francesco. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:18(2020). [10.3390/en13184647]

Variable Structure Control of a Small Ducted Wind Turbine in the Whole Wind Speed Range Using a Luenberger Observer

Gioacchino Tricarico;Elia Brescia;Giuseppe Leonardo Cascella;Vito Giuseppe Monopoli;Francesco Cupertino
2020-01-01

Abstract

This paper proposes a new variable structure control scheme for a variable-speed, fixed-pitch ducted wind turbine, equipped with an annular, brushless permanent-magnet synchronous generator, considering a back-to-back power converter topology. The purpose of this control scheme is to maximise the aerodynamic power over the entire wind speed range, considering the mechanical safety limits of the ducted wind turbine. The ideal power characteristics are achieved with the design of control laws aimed at performing the maximum power point tracking control in the low wind speeds region, and the constant speed, power, and torque control in the high wind speed region. The designed control laws utilize a Luenberger observer for the estimation of the aerodynamic torque and a shallow neural network for wind speed estimation. The effectiveness of the proposed method was verified through tests in a laboratory setup. Moreover, a comparison with other solutions from the literature allowed us to better evaluate the performances achieved and to highlight the originality of the proposed control scheme.
2020
Variable Structure Control of a Small Ducted Wind Turbine in the Whole Wind Speed Range Using a Luenberger Observer / Calabrese, Diego; Tricarico, Gioacchino; Brescia, Elia; Cascella, Giuseppe Leonardo; Monopoli, Vito Giuseppe; Cupertino, Francesco. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:18(2020). [10.3390/en13184647]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/203384
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