This paper deals with the strongly nonstationary squeeze of an oil film at the interface between the chain pin and pulley in chain belt continuously variable transmission. We concentrate on the squeeze motion as it occurs as soon as the pin enters the pulley groove. The duration time to complete the squeeze process compared with the running time the pin takes to cover the entire arc of contact is fundamental to understand whether direct asperity-asperity contact occurs between the two approaching surfaces to clarify what actually is the lubrication regime (elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL), mixed, or boundary) and to verify if the Hertzian pressure distribution at the interface can properly describe the actual normal stress distribution. The Hertzian pressure solution is usually taken as a starting point to design the geometry of the pin surface; therefore, it is of utmost importance for the designers to know whether their hypothesis is correct or not. Taking into account that the traveling time, the pin spends in contact with the pulley groove, is of about 0.01 s, we show that rms surface roughness less than 0.1 m, corresponding to values adopted in such systems, guarantees a fully lubricated EHL regime at the interface. Therefore, direct asperity-asperity contact between the two approaching surfaces is avoided. We also show that the Hertzian solution does not properly represent the actual pressure distribution at the pin-pulley interface. Indeed, after few microseconds a noncentral annular pressure peak is formed, which moves toward the center of the pin with rapidly decreasing speed. The pressure peak can grow up to values of several gigapascals. Such very high pressures may cause local overloads and high fatigue stresses that must be taken into account to correctly estimate the durability of the system.
|Titolo:||The lubrication regime at pin-pulley interface in chain CVT transmissions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1115/1.3013320|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|