Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is one of the most extensively used 3D printing process for its several advantages and the possibility to obtain complex geometries. Different materials can be processed and polylactic acid (PLA), a thermoplastic biodegradable cost-effective material, is widely used for consumer FFF. Typically, PLA printed parts have high surface roughness, due to the staircase effect, the slice-to-slice construction texture and the filament deposition. In this work, authors propose a quantitative analysis of the effects of a chemical treatment based on ethyl acetate vapors, to improve the surface finish of PLA printed parts. The solvent was selected for its low toxicity, easy availability, and low cost. To validate the treatment, a 23 full factorial plan was designed and a roughness analysis before and after the chemical treatment was performed to highlight the influence of each parameter involved.

Chemical vapor treatment to improve surface finish of 3D printed polylactic acid (PLA) parts realized by fused filament fabrication

Lavecchia, Fulvio
;
Guerra, Maria Grazia;Galantucci, Luigi Maria
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is one of the most extensively used 3D printing process for its several advantages and the possibility to obtain complex geometries. Different materials can be processed and polylactic acid (PLA), a thermoplastic biodegradable cost-effective material, is widely used for consumer FFF. Typically, PLA printed parts have high surface roughness, due to the staircase effect, the slice-to-slice construction texture and the filament deposition. In this work, authors propose a quantitative analysis of the effects of a chemical treatment based on ethyl acetate vapors, to improve the surface finish of PLA printed parts. The solvent was selected for its low toxicity, easy availability, and low cost. To validate the treatment, a 23 full factorial plan was designed and a roughness analysis before and after the chemical treatment was performed to highlight the influence of each parameter involved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/229458
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