Magnetic skyrmions are promising information carriers for dense and energy-efficient information storage owing to their small size, low driving-current density, and topological stability. Electrical detection of skyrmions is a crucial requirement to drive skyrmion devices toward applications. The use of a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) is commonly suggested for this purpose as MTJs are key spintronic devices for large-scale commercialization that can convert magnetic textures into electrical signals. To date, however, it has been challenging to realize skyrmions in MTJs due to incompatibility between standard skyrmion materials and highly efficient MTJ electrodes. Here, a material stack combining magnetic multilayers, which host 100 nm scale skyrmions, with a perpendicularly magnetized MTJ, is reported. The devices are designed so that the skyrmions in the multilayer are imprinted into the MTJ's free layer via magnetostatic interactions. The electrical response of a single skyrmion is successfully identified by employing simultaneous imaging of the magnetic texture and the electrical measurement of the MTJ resistance. The results are an important step toward all-electrical detection of skyrmions.

Electrical Detection of Magnetic Skyrmions in a Magnetic Tunnel Junction

Tomasello R.
Investigation
;
Carpentieri M.
Supervision
;
2022

Abstract

Magnetic skyrmions are promising information carriers for dense and energy-efficient information storage owing to their small size, low driving-current density, and topological stability. Electrical detection of skyrmions is a crucial requirement to drive skyrmion devices toward applications. The use of a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) is commonly suggested for this purpose as MTJs are key spintronic devices for large-scale commercialization that can convert magnetic textures into electrical signals. To date, however, it has been challenging to realize skyrmions in MTJs due to incompatibility between standard skyrmion materials and highly efficient MTJ electrodes. Here, a material stack combining magnetic multilayers, which host 100 nm scale skyrmions, with a perpendicularly magnetized MTJ, is reported. The devices are designed so that the skyrmions in the multilayer are imprinted into the MTJ's free layer via magnetostatic interactions. The electrical response of a single skyrmion is successfully identified by employing simultaneous imaging of the magnetic texture and the electrical measurement of the MTJ resistance. The results are an important step toward all-electrical detection of skyrmions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/243980
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