Given the current practice to perform lean-premixed combustion to decrease NOx emissions, thermoacoustic instabilities have become one of the major drawbacks in gas turbine combustors. The necessity to control and limit such a deleterious phenomenon is mandatory to avoid structural damage of the burner. It has been demonstrated that perforated liners, if conveniently designed, can be very effective in reducing acoustic oscillations inside gas turbine combustors. Studying perforated plates traversed by bias flow can give a useful insight on sound absorption properties of liners, rather than investigate complex geometries. The present paper aims to carry out a numerically cost-effective, but reliable, CFD analysis to predict the acoustic impedance of perforated plates traversed by bias flow, and to grasp the details of the sound dissipation process. 2D axisymmetric simulations have been carried out and the governing equations solved by using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. Hypotheses, boundaries and operating conditions are described, focusing on the role of the Non-Reflecting-Boundary-Condition (NRBC) and the Transparent-Flow-Forcing condition (TFF) in treating acoustic waves. Numerical results are compared both with linear analytical models and experimental data from a case study, by proving a fast and reliable prediction of the acoustic response. Furthermore, effects of increasing bias flow temperature on the sound absorption property have been investigated, showing an increase in acoustic power losses as temperature rises. The proposed CFD model (2D-axisymmetric) proved to be a valid and versatile tool in evaluating the acoustic response of perforated plates under different operating conditions.

Cost-Effective CFD Analysis of the Acoustic Response of a Perforated Plate

Nunzio Dimola;Michele Stefanizzi
;
Tommaso Capurso;Marco Torresi;Sergio Mario Camporeale
2022

Abstract

Given the current practice to perform lean-premixed combustion to decrease NOx emissions, thermoacoustic instabilities have become one of the major drawbacks in gas turbine combustors. The necessity to control and limit such a deleterious phenomenon is mandatory to avoid structural damage of the burner. It has been demonstrated that perforated liners, if conveniently designed, can be very effective in reducing acoustic oscillations inside gas turbine combustors. Studying perforated plates traversed by bias flow can give a useful insight on sound absorption properties of liners, rather than investigate complex geometries. The present paper aims to carry out a numerically cost-effective, but reliable, CFD analysis to predict the acoustic impedance of perforated plates traversed by bias flow, and to grasp the details of the sound dissipation process. 2D axisymmetric simulations have been carried out and the governing equations solved by using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. Hypotheses, boundaries and operating conditions are described, focusing on the role of the Non-Reflecting-Boundary-Condition (NRBC) and the Transparent-Flow-Forcing condition (TFF) in treating acoustic waves. Numerical results are compared both with linear analytical models and experimental data from a case study, by proving a fast and reliable prediction of the acoustic response. Furthermore, effects of increasing bias flow temperature on the sound absorption property have been investigated, showing an increase in acoustic power losses as temperature rises. The proposed CFD model (2D-axisymmetric) proved to be a valid and versatile tool in evaluating the acoustic response of perforated plates under different operating conditions.
ASME Turbo Expo 2022: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
978-0-7918-8600-7
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/244660
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