Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) are subject to leakages due to pipes aging, resulting in water and pressure losses. These issues are solved by installing Pressure Reduction Valves (PRVs) to decrease the pressure in WDNs. Depending on the application, PRVs can waste large amount of energy, hence the substitution of PRVs with Pumps used as Turbines (PaTs) can be a good compromise in terms of economic and technical aspects to reduce leakages and recover energy. Currently the share of PaT is not yet fully developed due to the certain technical challenges yet to be addressed, as providing an affordable control strategy closer to the real working conditions in a WDN. Hence, more experimental activities are required. For these reasons, in this work an experimental campaign was carried with the aim to investigate the behavior of a PaT according to a possible layout that could be embedded into a WDN. Firstly, the machine was characterized both in pump and turbine modes. Moreover, the machine working conditions limits have been analysed in terms of runaway and blocked-rotor curves. Then, turbine tests were carried out at constant speed with a typical hydraulic control scheme by means of a PRV installed in series to the PaT and a second one installed on a bypass. As a result, this analysis highlighted the feasibility to recover a consistent amount of hydraulic energy otherwise wasted under typical WDN daily pressure and flow rate patterns, with promising results in terms of the operating point control of the machine.

Bypass Control strategy of a Pump as Turbine in a Water Distribution Network for energy recovery

Domenico Filannino
;
Michele Stefanizzi;Tommaso Capurso;Gabriella Balacco;Sergio Mario Camporeale;Marco Torresi
2022-01-01

Abstract

Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) are subject to leakages due to pipes aging, resulting in water and pressure losses. These issues are solved by installing Pressure Reduction Valves (PRVs) to decrease the pressure in WDNs. Depending on the application, PRVs can waste large amount of energy, hence the substitution of PRVs with Pumps used as Turbines (PaTs) can be a good compromise in terms of economic and technical aspects to reduce leakages and recover energy. Currently the share of PaT is not yet fully developed due to the certain technical challenges yet to be addressed, as providing an affordable control strategy closer to the real working conditions in a WDN. Hence, more experimental activities are required. For these reasons, in this work an experimental campaign was carried with the aim to investigate the behavior of a PaT according to a possible layout that could be embedded into a WDN. Firstly, the machine was characterized both in pump and turbine modes. Moreover, the machine working conditions limits have been analysed in terms of runaway and blocked-rotor curves. Then, turbine tests were carried out at constant speed with a typical hydraulic control scheme by means of a PRV installed in series to the PaT and a second one installed on a bypass. As a result, this analysis highlighted the feasibility to recover a consistent amount of hydraulic energy otherwise wasted under typical WDN daily pressure and flow rate patterns, with promising results in terms of the operating point control of the machine.
77th National ATI Congress (ATI 2022)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/246360
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact