Soil Surface Roughness (SSR) is a physical feature of soil microtopography, which is strongly influenced by tillage practices and plays a key role in hydrological and soil erosion processes. Therefore, surface roughness indices are required when using models to estimate soil erosion rates, where tabular values or direct measurements can be used. Field measurements often imply out-of-date and time-consuming methods, such as the pin meter and the roller chain, providing inaccurate indices. A novel technique for SSR measurement has been adopted, employing an RGB-Depth camera to produce a small-scale Digital Elevation Model of the soil surface, in order to extrapolate roughness indices. Canopy cover coverage (CC) of the cover crop was also detected from the camera's images. The values obtained for SSR and CC indices were implemented in the MMF (Morgan-Morgan-Finney) model, to validate the reliability of the proposed methodology by comparing the models' results for sediment yields with long-term soil erosion measurements in sloping vineyards in NW Italy. The performance of the model in predicting soil losses was satisfactory to good for a vineyard plot with inter-rows managed with recurrent tillage, and it was improved using spatialized soil roughness input data with respect to a uniform value. Performance for plot with permanent ground cover was not so good, however it was also improved using spatialized data. The measured values were also useful to obtain C-factor for RUSLE application, to be used instead of tabular values.

“Estimating soil surface roughness by proximal sensing for soil erosion modeling implementation at field scale”

Palazzi F.;Leanza A.;Reina G.;Cavallo E.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Soil Surface Roughness (SSR) is a physical feature of soil microtopography, which is strongly influenced by tillage practices and plays a key role in hydrological and soil erosion processes. Therefore, surface roughness indices are required when using models to estimate soil erosion rates, where tabular values or direct measurements can be used. Field measurements often imply out-of-date and time-consuming methods, such as the pin meter and the roller chain, providing inaccurate indices. A novel technique for SSR measurement has been adopted, employing an RGB-Depth camera to produce a small-scale Digital Elevation Model of the soil surface, in order to extrapolate roughness indices. Canopy cover coverage (CC) of the cover crop was also detected from the camera's images. The values obtained for SSR and CC indices were implemented in the MMF (Morgan-Morgan-Finney) model, to validate the reliability of the proposed methodology by comparing the models' results for sediment yields with long-term soil erosion measurements in sloping vineyards in NW Italy. The performance of the model in predicting soil losses was satisfactory to good for a vineyard plot with inter-rows managed with recurrent tillage, and it was improved using spatialized soil roughness input data with respect to a uniform value. Performance for plot with permanent ground cover was not so good, however it was also improved using spatialized data. The measured values were also useful to obtain C-factor for RUSLE application, to be used instead of tabular values.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/262267
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