This paper presents the results of the numerical simulations carried out to evaluate the performance of a high solidity Wells turbine designed for an oscillating water column wave energy conversion device. The Wells turbine has several favorable features (e.g., simplicity and high rotational speed) but is characterized by a relatively narrow operating range with high efficiency. The aim of this work is to investigate the flow-field through the turbine blades in order to offer a description of the complex flow mechanism that originates separation and, consequently, low efficiency at high flow-rates. Simulations have been performed by solving the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations together with three turbulence models, namely, the Spalart–Allmaras, k-, and Reynolds-stress models. The capability of the three models to provide an accurate prediction of the complex flow through the Wells turbine has been assessed in two ways: the comparison of the computed results with the available experimental data and the analysis of the flow by means of the anisotropy invariant maps. Then, a detailed description of the flow at different flow-rates is provided, focusing on the interaction of the tip-leakage flow with the main stream and enlightening its role on the turbine performance.
|Titolo:||Detailed CFD analysis of the steady flow in a Wells turbine under incipient and deep stall conditions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1115/1.3155921|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|