We present a theoretical approach to estimate the fluid leakage in flat seals. The approach is based on the analogy between the seal-substrate interface and a porous medium. We assume that the interface is constituted of a random distribution of noncontact patches (the pores) and small but numerous contact spots (islands). Leakage may occur only through the pores, of which the lateral size and height are distributed according to a probability density function that we calculate on the basis of a recent theory of contact mechanics. Our theoretical approach is based on a percolation scheme that has never been proposed before and we believe it could be useful to stimulate further theoretical or experimental investigations. Within this percolation scheme we apply critical path analysis to calculate the hydraulic conductivity of the medium and compare our predictions with other calculations very recently presented to the scientific community.
|Titolo:||Leakage Mechanism in Flat Seals|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3254187|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|