In car-trailer combinations, the hitch angle is the relative yaw angle between towing car and trailer. The literature has shown that the inclusion of the hitch angle measurement for the feedback control of trailer oscillations can bring safety benefits, compared with conventional trailer sway mitigation algorithms based on the yaw rate of the car. Given the nonlinearity of the vehicle system in the typical conditions requiring the hitch angle control function intervention, nonlinear model-based controllers could be an effective solution. This paper presents four real-time implementable nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) formulations, using the hitch angle measurement for the torque-vectoring (TV) control of an electric front-wheel drive car towing a trailer. The simulation results show that: (i) the active safety is enhanced by the proposed NMPC TV formulations, with respect to a benchmarking NMPC TV controller only based on the control of the towing car; (ii) the NMPC formulations that directly constrain the hitch angle error, or perform continuous hitch angle tracking, outperform those that modify the reference yaw rate or yaw rate error based on the hitch angle error; and (iii) the NMPC approaches including a dynamic model of the trailer are robust with respect to variations of trailer parameters.

On nonlinear model predictive direct yaw moment control for trailer sway mitigation

De Bernardis, M;Rini, G;Bottiglione, F;
2022

Abstract

In car-trailer combinations, the hitch angle is the relative yaw angle between towing car and trailer. The literature has shown that the inclusion of the hitch angle measurement for the feedback control of trailer oscillations can bring safety benefits, compared with conventional trailer sway mitigation algorithms based on the yaw rate of the car. Given the nonlinearity of the vehicle system in the typical conditions requiring the hitch angle control function intervention, nonlinear model-based controllers could be an effective solution. This paper presents four real-time implementable nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) formulations, using the hitch angle measurement for the torque-vectoring (TV) control of an electric front-wheel drive car towing a trailer. The simulation results show that: (i) the active safety is enhanced by the proposed NMPC TV formulations, with respect to a benchmarking NMPC TV controller only based on the control of the towing car; (ii) the NMPC formulations that directly constrain the hitch angle error, or perform continuous hitch angle tracking, outperform those that modify the reference yaw rate or yaw rate error based on the hitch angle error; and (iii) the NMPC approaches including a dynamic model of the trailer are robust with respect to variations of trailer parameters.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11589/245121
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